Microbiologists, like most biologists, like to have neatly organized categories and taxonomies available at all times. We work with individual species, specific strains of those species, and often mutants of those strains. If we grow our chosen organisms and they don't behave as expected, we generally assume that contamination occurred somewhere along the line or that a new mutation transpired. The usual preventative measure is simply to ensure that cultures start from single cells of the desired strain.
Shrestha et al. seem to have had some issues with culture contamination. This group works with Geobacter sulfurreducens strain DL1 in studies of microbial fuel cells. As they were attempting to isolate G. sulfurreducens strains with mutations enabling them to be more electrically conductive, they managed to isolate a strain later named KN400. This strain was great at conducting current but clearly wasn't just a mutant of DL1: sequencing showed that the new strain likely differed by more than 27,000 SNP's, or far more mutations than any lab-based methods of selection were likely to create.